important special ferro alloy raw materials are thoSe related with vanadium, titanium, zirconium, nickel, tungsten, molybdenum, niobium, tantalum, phosphorus, boron etc. Current, demand, of special ferro alloys is low (i.e, approx. 1800 tonnes per year). By the end of 2000 AD,. the ,requirement may be the order of 4000 tonnes/year .